The Indian flag is a tricolour of deep saffron, white and dark green. In the centre sits the Dharma Chakra or wheel of law.
One of the oldest civilisations still in existence, India came under British rule during the mid-1800s. After a campaign led by Mahatma Gandhi, India regained independence in 1948. It is now the world’s largest democracy.
The Indian rupee is the national currency. R1 equals about seven rupees.
There is no recognised national language, but Hindi is spoken by a large percentage of the population and is used in official correspondence.
Hockey is the official national sport but cricket is by far the most popular game in the country.
Located in South Asia, India shares borders with Pakistan, Bhutan, People’s Republic of China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Burma and the Indian Ocean. It is the seventh largest country in the world.
The national animal is the Bengal tiger, and 60% of the world’s tiger popu-lation resides in India. This feline is a powerful hunter with sharp teeth and a strong jaw. It is the largest member of the cat family.
DID YOU KNOW?
Chess, algebra, trigonometry and calculus all origin-ated in India.
India is the second most populous country in the world with more than 1.2 billion people.
Because of its large size, India has different weather patterns depending where you are. The country is divided into four climatic zones: alpine, tropical, subtropical and arid.